ssh-capture — Captures TCP connections for tunneling or FTP-SFTP conversion
ssh-capture is a component of SSH Tectia ConnectSecure on Unix.
The ssh-capture command runs the specified command with the given arguments. The command and its child processes will have automatic TCP connection capturing enabled. Depending on the filter rules configured for the SSH Tectia Connection Broker, the captured connections may then be converted from FTP to SFTP, tunneled, blocked, or passed through in plaintext.
The following options are available:
Sets the debug level string to
The following debug levels can be used:
1 - includes information about fatal errors
3 - includes initialization messages
5 - includes information about the TCP connections
7 - includes information about DNS resolving,
and other more detailed debugging information.
Falls back to plaintext connection mode if a secure connection cannot be established (default: no fallback).
Enables capturing connections to the local host (127.0.0.1). The default is to let local host connections pass through in plaintext.
Usually, there is no need to capture connections within the local host. For testing purposes and for generic scripts, capturing can be activated with this setting. Notice, however, that this setting stops the fallback option from working for FTP-SFTP conversion in case the Secure Shell server does not answer.
Displays a short summary of command-line options and exits.
The SSH Tectia ConnectSecure software includes an example configuration for
filter rules that enable FTP-SFTP conversion for any FTP connections
(to port 21) and transparent tunneling of any telnet connections (to
port 23). See the
configuration file in the
The examples below assume that the example configuration is
Start a telnet session to
with transparent tunneling enabled:
$ ssh-capture telnet telnet.example.org
Start an FTP session to
ftp.example.org with FTP-SFTP
$ ssh-capture ftp ftp.example.org
Start an FTP session to
ftp.example.org and allow the
fallback to plaintext FTP in case the secure SFTP connection cannot be established:
$ ssh-capture -F ftp ftp.example.org
Start an FTP session to local host
127.0.0.1 with FTP-SFTP
$ ssh-capture -l ftp 127.0.0.1
Start a bash shell session with connection capturing enabled for all commands:
$ ssh-capture bash
There are the following restrictions on capturing applications that have the 'Set User ID' (suid) bit set:
If a command was invoked, ssh-capture returns the exit status of that command. Typically, the exit value shows the success of the command:
If an error occurred when executing the command,
the exit value is
non-zero. The exact value depends
on the operating system.
If an error occurred when parsing the command-line arguments,
an error message is output to stderr and the exit value is
If the platform is unsupported, an error message is output
to stderr and the exit value is
If no errors occurred, the exit value is whatever the given command returns. So in this case the exit value may be nonzero even if the command succeeds. This means that the exit value alone does not provide exact information about how the command succeeded.