A local (outgoing) tunnel forwards traffic coming to a local port to a specified remote port.
sshg3 on the command line, the syntax of the
local tunneling command is as follows:
client$ sshg3 -L [protocol/][listen-address:]listen-port:dst-host:dst-port sshserver
[protocol/] specifies which protocol is to be
used in the tunneled connection, it can be
tcp (optional argument). The default is
[listen-address:] defines which interface on
the local client will be listened to (optional argument). By default all
interfaces are listened.
listen-port is the number of the port on the
local client, and connections coming to this port will be tunneled to
dst-host:dst-port define the destination host
address and the port to which the connection is tunneled from the
sshserver is the IP address or the host name of
the Secure Shell server.
The host name or IP address of the destination host and sshserver can be defined as regular expressions that follow the egrep syntax, but no wildcards are supported.
Setting up local tunneling allocates a listener port on the local client host. Whenever a connection is made to this listener, the connection is tunneled over Secure Shell to the remote server and another connection is made from the server to a specified destination host and port. The connection from the server onwards will not be secure, it is a normal TCP connection.
Every user with access to the local client host will be able to use the local tunnels.
Figure 7.1 shows the different hosts and ports involved in local tunneling (port forwarding).
For example, when you issue the following
on the command line, all traffic coming to port 1234 on the client host will
be forwarded to port 23 on the server.
client$ sshg3 -L 1234:localhost:23 --abort-on-failing-tunnel username@sshserver
The forwarding address in the command is resolved at the (remote)
end point of the tunnel. In this case
localhost refers to
the server host (
In this example, also the
option is specified. It causes the command to abort if creating the tunnel
listener fails (for example, if the port is already reserved). Normally if
the connection to the server succeeds, but creating the listener fails, no
error message is given.