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SSH

scpg3

scpg3 — Secure Shell file copy client - Generation 3

Synopsis

scpg3 [options...]
[ src_profile: | [user@] src_host [#port]: ] src_file...
[ dst_profile: | [user@] dst_host [#port]: ] dst_file_or_dir

Description

scpg3 is used to securely copy files over the network. scpg3 launches ssh-broker-g3 to provide a secure transport using the Secure Shell version 2 protocol. ssh-broker-g3 will ask for passwords or passphrases if they are needed for authentication. scpg3 uses the configuration specified in the ssh-broker-config.xml file.

Copies between two remote hosts are permitted. The remote host(s) must be running a Secure Shell version 2 server with the sftp-server (or sft-server-g3) subsystem enabled. Tectia Server has sft-server-g3 enabled by default.

Any filename may contain a host, user, and port specification to indicate that the file is to be copied to or from that host ( [user@] host [#port]). If no user name is given, the local user name is assumed. If no port is given, the default Secure Shell port 22 is assumed. Alternatively, a connection profile defined in the ssh-broker-config.xml file (profile) can be given.

[Note]Note

When entering a connection profile in the scpg3 command, note that Tectia client tools for z/OS deduces the meaning of the argument differently depending on its format. If there is an @ sign in the given attribute value, Tectia client tools for z/OS always interprets it to be <username@hostname>, i.e. not a profile.

Also, if there are dots in a profile name (for example host.x.example.com, the dots need to be escaped on command line. Enter host\.x\.example\.com, instead. Otherwise the profile name is taken as a host name and the current Windows user name is used for logging in.

The host parameter can optionally be enclosed in square brackets ([]) to allow the use of semicolons. The file argument can contain simple wildcards: asterisk (*) for any number of any characters, and question mark (?) for any one character.

For information on special characters in file names, see the section called “Filename Support”.

Options

The following command-line parameters can be used to further specify the scpg3 options.

-4

Defines that all connection-related DNS resolutions will be resolved as an IPv4 address.

-6

Defines that all connection-related DNS resolutions will be resolved as an IPv6 address.

-a [arg]

Transfers files using the ASCII mode, that is, newlines will be converted on the fly. For transfers between Tectia on z/OS and other hosts, this also enables automatic ASCII-EBCDIC conversions. See the sftpg3ascii command in the section called “Commands”.

If the server does not advertise the newline convention, and you are not using a host profile that specifies its host type, you can give scpg3 a hint by giving an argument after -a. The default is to set the destination newline convention, but you can specify either one by prefixing the argument with src: or dest: for source or destination convention, respectively. The available conventions are dos, unix, and mac, using \r\n, \n, and \r as newlines, respectively. Note that there is no space between the -a and its argument. An example is shown below:

$ scpg3 -asrc:unix -adest:dos src_host:src_file dest_host:dest_file

To force the newline conventions, use these values: force-dos, force-unix, and force-mac. These settings force the newline mode irrespective of what the remote SSH server suggests to the SCP client.

-B, --batch-mode

Uses batch mode. Fails authentication if it requires user interaction on the terminal.

Using batch mode requires that you have previously saved the server host key on the client and set up a non-interactive method for user authentication (for example, host-based authentication or public-key authentication without a passphrase).

-b buffer_size_bytes

Defines the maximum buffer size for one read/write request (default: 32768 bytes).

-C

Disables compression from the current connection.

+C

Enables zlib compression for this particular connection.

-c, --ciphers=LIST

Sets the allowed ciphers to be offered to the server. List the cipher names in a comma-separated list. For example:

--ciphers seed-cbc@ssh.com,aes256-cbc

Enter help as the value to view the currently supported cipher names.

-D, --debug=LEVEL

Sets the debug level. LEVEL is a number from 0 to 99, where 99 specifies that all debug information should be displayed. This should be the first argument on the command line.

[Note]Note

The debug level can be set only when the scpg3 command starts the Connection Broker. This option has no effect in the command if the Connection Broker is already running.

-d

Forces target to be a directory.

-I, --interactive

Prompts whether to overwrite an existing destination file (does not work with -B).

-i FILE

Defines that private keys defined in the identification file are used for public-key authentication.

-K, --identity-key-file=FILE

Defines that the given key file of a private key or certificate is used in user authentication. The path to the key file is given in the command.

If the file is a private key, it will be read and compared to the keys already known by the Connection Broker key store. If the key is not known, it will be decoded and added to the key store temporarily. If the file is a certificate and Connection Broker knows a matching private key, it will be used. Both the certificate and the private key can be given using multiple -K options on command line.

-N max_requests

Defines the maximum number of read/write requests sent in parallel (default: 10).

-O, --offset=r<offset> | w<offset> | l<length> | t<length>

Sets offset. Offset r<offset> specifies the start offset in the source file. Offset w<offset> specifies the start offset in the destination file. Length l<length> specifies the amount of data to be copied. Truncate length t<length>, if given, specifies the length to which the destination file is truncated or expanded after the file data has been copied.

-p

Preserves the file permissions and the timestamps when both the source and the destination are on Unix file systems (including z/OS USS). Preserves the timestamps but not the file permissions, if either one, the source or the destination is on Windows. If the destination is on z/OS MVS, none will be preserved.

-P port

Connects to this Secure Shell port on the remote machine (default: 22).

-Q

Does not show progress indicator. The effect of this option is the same as using --progress-display=no.

Do not use this option together with parameter --statistics.

-q

Uses quiet mode (only fatal errors are shown). This option overrides the quiet-mode setting made in the Connection Broker configuration file.

-r

Recurses subdirectories.

-u, --unlink-source

Removes source files after copying (file move).

-v, --verbose

Uses verbose mode (equal to -D 2).

-W, --whole-file

Does not try incremental checks. By default (if this option is not given), incremental checks are tried. This option can only be used together with the --checksum option.

--aa, --allowed-authentications=METHODS

Defines the only allowed methods that can be used in user authentication. List the methods in a comma-separated list. For example:

--allowed-authentications keyboard-interactive,password

Enter help as the value to view the currently supported authentication methods.

--append

Appends data to the end of the destination file.

--binary

Uses binary transfer mode. If the server is Tectia Server for IBM z/OS, the server is requested not to perform ASCII to EBCDIC conversion, and the file is transferred using the Stream format. You can use the --src-site and --dst-site options to change the values.

--checkpoint=b <bytes>

Byte interval between checkpoint updates (default: 10 MB). This option can only be used when --checksum=checkpoint.

--checkpoint=s <seconds>

Time interval between checkpoint updates (default: 10 seconds). This option can only be used when --checksum=checkpoint.

--checksum [ =yes | no | md5 | sha1 | md5-force | sha1-force | checkpoint ]

Uses MD5 or SHA-1 checksums or a separate checkpoint database to determine the point in the file where file transfer can be resumed. Files smaller than buffer_size_bytes are not checked. Use md5-force or sha1-force with small files (default: yes, i.e. use SHA1 checksums in FIPS mode, MD5 checksums otherwise). Use checkpointing when transferring large files one by one.

--compressions=METHODS

Sets the allowed compression methods to be offered to the server. List the methods in a comma-separated list.

Enter help as the value to view the currently supported compression methods.

--dst-site=PARAM

Uses the specified site parameters with the destination files. See the sftpg3 site command in the section called “Commands”.

--exclusive

Defines that a new connection will be opened for each connection attempt, otherwise Connection Broker can reuse recently closed connections.

--fips

Performs the checksums using the FIPS cryptographic library.

--force-lower-case

Destination filename will be converted to lowercase characters.

--hostkey-algorithms=HOSTKEYALGORITHMS

Sets the allowed host key algorithms to be offered to the server. List the host key algorithms in a comma-separated list. For example:

--hostkey-algorithms ssh-dss-sha224@ssh.com,ssh-dss-sha256@ssh.com

Enter help as the value to view the currently supported host key algorithms.

--overwrite [ =yes | no ]

Selects whether to overwrite existing destination file(s) (default: yes).

--identity=ID

Defines that the ID of the private key is used in user authentication. The ID can be Connection Broker-internal ordinary number of the key, the key hash or the key file name.

--identity-key-hash=ID

Defines the private key used in user authentication with the corresponding public key hash.

--identity-key-id=ID

Defines that the Connection Broker-internal ordinary number of the key is used in user authentication.

--keep-alive=VALUE

Defines how often keep-alive messages (non-operation packages) are sent to the Secure Shell server. Enter the value as seconds. The default value is 0, meaning that keep-alive messages are disabled.

--kexs=kexs

Sets the allowed key exchange (KEX) methods to be offered to the server. List the KEX names in a comma-separated list. For example:

--kexs diffie-hellman-group14-sha224@ssh.com,diffie-hellman-group14-sha256@ssh.com

Enter help as the value to view the currently supported KEX methods.

--kip

Defines keyboard-interactive and password as the allowed methods for user authentication; the same as

--allowed-authentications keyboard-interactive,password
--macs=LIST

Sets the allowed MACs to be offered to the server. List the MAC names in a comma-separated list. For example:

--macs hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5,hmac-md5-96

Enter help as the value to view the currently supported MAC names.

--password= PASSWORD | file://PASSWORDFILE | extprog://PROGRAM

Sets user password that the client will send as a response to password authentication. The PASSWORD can be given directly as an argument to this option (not recommended). Better alternatives are entering a path to a file containing the password (--password=file://PASSWORDFILE), or entering a path to a program or script that outputs the password (--password=extprog://PROGRAM).

When using the extprog:// option to refer to a shell script, make sure the script also defines the user's shell, and outputs the actual password. Otherwise the executed program fails, because it does not know what shell to use for the shell script. For example, if the password string is defined in a file named my_password.txt, and you want to use the bash shell, include these lines in the script:

#!/usr/bash
cat /full/pathname/to/my_password.txt
[Caution]Caution

Supplying the password on the command line is not a secure option. For example, in a multi-user environment, the password given directly on the command line is trivial to recover from the process table. You should set up a more secure way to authenticate. For non-interactive batch jobs, it is more secure to use public-key authentication without a passphrase, or host-based authentication. At a minimum, use a file or a program to supply the password.

--prefix=PREFIX

Adds a prefix to a filename during the file transfer. The prefix is removed after the file has been successfully transferred.

On z/OS, when applied to MVS data set names, the prefix is inserted after the High Level Qualifier (HLQ). In case you want the prefix to be a separate qualifier, include a dot at the end of the prefix:

--prefix=PREFIX.
--src-site=PARAM

Uses the specified site parameters with the source files. See the site command in the section called “Commands”.

--statistics [ =no | yes | simple ]

[Note]Note

In release 6.1.5, the behavior of the --statistics option has changed and the --statistics-format option has been removed. Instead of them, use the new --summary-display and --summary-format options.

The --statistics option chooses the style of the statistics to be shown after a file transfer operation. Note that --statistics and --summary-display must not be used together.

The --statistics option takes the following values:

no - no statistics will be created.

yes - shows a progress bar during the file transfer. This is the default. An example of the output:

scpg3 --statistics="yes" sourcefile destinationfile
sourcefile                 |  127MB |  42.9MiB/s | TOC: 00:00:03 | 100%

simple - simple one-line statistics will be displayed after the file transfer has ended. For example:

scpg3 --statistics=simple sourcefile destinationfile
sourcefile   | 127MB | 151.3MiB/s | TOC: 00:00:00 | 100%

--summary-display [ =no | yes | simple | bytes ]

Chooses the style of the file transfer summary data to be displayed after a file transfer operation. With the summary display, the progress bar data is also displayed by default.

Note that --summary-display and --statistics must not be used together.

The --summary-display option takes the following values:

no - no summary data will be created. This is the default.

yes - detailed summary data will be created. You can configure the contents with the summary-format option. By default, the following contents are displayed in the summary:

Default settings:                    Render for example this:
"Source: %c:%g\n"                    user@host1#22:/path/to/source/file
"Source parameters: %e\n"            X=TEXT, C=ISO8859-1,D=IBM.1047
"Destination: %C:%G\n"               user@host2#22:/path/to/destination/file
"Destination parameters: %E\n"       NONE
"File size: %s bytes\n"              123456 bytes
"Transferred: %t bytes\n"            123456 bytes
"Rate: %RB/s\n"                      345kiB/s
"Start: %xy-%xt-%xd %xh:%xm:%xs\n"   2010-01-26 13:10:56
"Stop: %Xy-%Xt-%Xd %Xh:%Xm:%Xs\n"    2010-01-26 13:23:30
"Time: %y\n"                         00:12:34

simple - simple one-line summary will be displayed. For example:

scpg3 --summary-display=simple sourcefile destinationfile
sourcefile | 127MB | 151.3MiB/s | TOC: 00:00:00 | 100%

bytes - basic statistics reporting the transferred bytes will be displayed. For example:

scpg3 --summary-display=bytes sourcefile destinationfile
Transferred 12915145984 bytes, file: 'sourcefile' -> 'destinationfile'
--summary-format= FORMAT_STRING

Chooses the format and the contents of the summary. You can use this option when --summary-display=yes. Do not use this option with --statistics.

Select the contents for the summary using the following definitions:

%c  - source connection: user@host#port or profile
%C  - destination connection: user@host#port or profile
%D* - current date
%e  - source parameters (file transfer and data set parameters)
%E  - destination parameters (file transfer and data set parameters)
%f  - source file name
%F  - destination file name
%g  - /path/to/source/file
%G  - /path/to/destination/file
%k  - compression done ("zlib" or "none")
%p  - transfer percentage
%q  - transfer rate in bit/s
%Q  - transfer rate as "XXyb/s" (b/s, kib/s, Mib/s, Gib/s)
%r  - transfer rate in bytes/s
%R  - transfer rate as "XXyB/s" (B/s, kiB/s, MiB/s, GiB/s)
%s  - file size in bytes
%S  - file size as "XXyB" (B, kiB, MiB or GiB)
%t  - transfer size in bytes
%T  - transfer size as "XXyB" (B, kiB, MiB or GiB)
%x* - start date
%X* - end date
%y  - elapsed time
%Y  - time remaining
%z  - ETA or TOC, if transfer has finished
%Z  - string "ETA" or "TOC", if transfer has finished

Where * is one of the following:

h - hours (00-23)
m - minutes (00-59)
s - seconds (00-59)
f - milliseconds (0-999)
d - day of the month (1-31)
t - month (1-12)
y - year (1970-)

Other special characters in format strings are:

\n - line feed
\r - carriage return
\t - horizontal tab
\\ - backslash

--progress-display [ =no | bar | line ]

Chooses the mode of displaying the progress during a file transfer operation. The default is bar, which shows a progress bar. Option line shows the progress information according to the settings made in the --progress-line-format option.

Do not use this option with --statistics.

--progress-line-format=FORMAT_STRING

Chooses what information will be shown on the progress line. You can use this option when --progress-display=line.

Do not use this option with --statistics.

Select the contents for the progress line using the definitions described for command: --summary-format

--progress-line-interval=seconds

Defines how often the progress information is updated in line mode. The interval is given in seconds, and the default is 60 seconds.

Do not use this option with --statistics.

--streaming [ =yes | no | force | ext ]

Uses streaming in file transfer, if server supports it. Files smaller than buffer_size_bytes are not transferred using streaming. Use force with small files. Default: yes

Use ext with z/OS hosts to enable direct MVS data set access. Use this option only when the file transfer is mainly used for mainframe data set transfers, as it can slow down the transfer of small files in other environments.

The --streaming=ext option requires also the --checksum=no option, because if checksums are calculated, the file transfer uses staging, which excludes streaming.

--sunique

Stores data sets with unique names. In case more than one of the transferred data sets have the same name, this feature adds a sequential number to the end of the repeated data set name, for example: DS.version, DS.version1, and DS.version2.

--tcp-connect-timeout=VALUE

Defines a timeout period (in seconds) for establishing a TCP connection to the Secure Shell server. Enter the timeout value as a positive number. Value 0 (zero) disables this feature and the default system TCP timeout will be used, instead.

--user=USERNAME

Logs in using this user name if the user name is not provided in the address string.

-V, --version

Displays program version and exits.

-h, --help, -?

Displays a short summary of command-line options and exits.

Filename Support

Different operating systems allow different character sets in filenames. On Unix, some of the special characters are allowed in filenames, but on Windows, the following characters are not allowed:

\/ : * ? " < > |

When you use the scpg3 command to copy files with special characters (for example unixfilename*?".txt) from a Unix server to Windows, you need to provide the files with new names that are acceptable on Windows. Enter the commands in the following format:

$ scpg3 user@unixserver:"unixfilename~*~?\".txt" windowsfilename.txt

The general rule is to follow your platform specific syntax when you enter filenames containing special characters as arguments to the scpg3 command.

Tectia fully supports filenames containing only ASCII characters. Filenames containing characters from other character sets are not guaranteed to work.

Using Wildcards

The scpg3 command supports * and ? as wildcards.

The wildcards can be used both on the remote and the local side in the commands. The following example command will copy all text files (*.txt) from all subdirectories of directory dir2 whose names begin with the prefix data- into the current local directory ( . ):

$ scpg3 -r user@server:"dir2/data-*/*.txt" .

Note that on Unix, the characters * and ? can appear also in the filenames. So it is necessary to use escape characters to distinguish the wildcards from the characters belonging to a filename. See more information in the section called “Escaping Special Characters”.

Escaping Special Characters

Some special characters that are used in filenames in different operating system, may have a special meaning in the Tectia commands. Note also that the meaning can be different in various parts of the file transfer system.

In the scpg3 command, the following characters have a special meaning, and they need to be escaped in commands that take filenames as arguments:

* asterisk is a wildcard for any number of any characters

? question mark is a wildcard for any single character

"" quotation marks placed around strings that are to be taken 'as is'

\ backslash is an escape character on Unix

~ tilde is an escape character on Windows.

The escape character tells the scpg3 command to treat the next character "as is" and not to assume any special meaning for it. The escape character is selected according to the operating system of the local machine.

Note that the \ and ~ characters are special characters themselves, and if they are present in the filename, escape characters must be placed in front of them, too. Therefore, if you need to enter a filename containing \ in Unix or ~ in Windows to the scpg3 command, add the relevant escape character to it:

\\ on Unix

~~ on Windows

See the examples below to learn how the escape characters are used in the Tectia scpg3 command, and how to enter filenames with special characters in different operating systems.

Examples of filenames in the scpg3 command:

The following filenames are valid in Unix, but they need escape characters in the commands:

file|name.txt 
file-"name".txt 
file?name.txt 
file*name.txt 
file\name.txt 
file - name.txt 
file~name.txt 

When using the scpg3 command on Unix, in certain cases several escape characters are needed, as they escape one another. Enter the above mentioned filenames in the following formats:

file\|name.txt     or  "file|name.txt" 
file-\"name\".txt 
file\\\?name.txt   or  "file\?name.txt" 
file\\\*name.txt   or  "file\*name.txt" 
file\\\\name.txt   or  "file\\\name.txt" 
file\ -\ name.txt  or  "file - name.txt" 
file~name.txt 

Example commands on Unix:

$ scpg3 user@server:file\\\*name.txt .
$ scpg3 user@server:file\ -\ name.txt .

Environment Variables

To run scpg3 on z/OS, the following environment variables must be set:

_BPXK_AUTOCVT=ON

If this variable is not set correctly scpg3 fails to start.

_BPXK_BATCH_UMASK=0022

This variable defines the permissions for newly created files.

_BPXK_SHAREAS=NO

This variable defines that ssh-broker-g3 and scpg3 processes are run in separate address spaces.

scpg3 uses the following environment variables:

SSH_DEBUG_FMT

This environment variable can be used to specify the format of the debug messages.

For more information, see SSH_DEBUG_FMT.

SSH_SFTP_CHECKSUM_MODE=yes|no|md5|sha1|md5-force|sha1-force|checkpoint

Defines the setting for comparing checksums. For more information on the available values, see checksum.

SSH_SFTP_HOME_MVS=yes|no

If this variable is set to yes, the scpg3 local directory is set to USER prefix in the MVS side. If it is set to no (default), local directory is the current directory.

SSH_SFTP_SHOW_BYTE_COUNT=yes|no

If this variable is set to yes, the number of transferred bytes is shown after successful file transfer. Also the names of source and destination files are shown. The default is no.

SSH_SFTP_SMF_TYPE=TYPE119|none

If this variable is set to TYPE119, file transfers create SMF records of type 119.

SSH_SFTP_STATISTICS=yes|no|simple

If this variable is set to yes (default), normal progress bar is shown while transferring the file. If it is set to no, progress bar is not shown. If it is set to simple file transfer statistics are shown after the file has been transferred.

Files

In addition to the files used by ssh-broker-g3, scpg3 uses the following files:

$HOME/.ssh2/ssh_ftadv_config

This is the user-specific file that contains a list of file transfer profiles, which furnish file transfer attributes to be used when processing local files. For more information, see File Transfer Profiles.

/opt/tectia/etc/ssh_ftadv_config

This is the global (system-wide) file that contains a list of file transfer profiles, which furnish file transfer attributes to be used when processing local files. For more information, see File Transfer Profiles.

Exit Values

scpg3 returns the following values based on the result of the operation:

0     Operation was successful. 
1     Internal error. 
2     Connection aborted by the user.
3     Destination is not a directory, but a directory was specified by the user. 
4     Connecting to the host failed. 
5     Connection lost. 
6     File does not exist. 
7     No permission to access file. 
8     Undetermined error from sshfilexfer.
11    Some non-fatal errors occured during a directory operation.
101   Wrong command-line arguments specified by the user. 
[Note]Note

When the command is run from JCL using BPXBATCH, the exit values are multiplied by 256.

Examples

Copy files from your local system to a remote Unix system:

$ scpg3 localfile user@remotehost:/dst/dir/

Copy files from your local system to a remote Windows system:

$ scpg3 localfile user@remotehost:/C:/dst/dir/

Copy files from a remote system to your local disk:

$ scpg3 user@remotehost:/src/dir/srcfile /dst/dir/dstfile

Copy files from one remote system to another using connection profiles defined in the ssh-broker-config.xml file:

$ scpg3 profile1:/src/dir/srcfile profile2:/dst/dir/dstfile

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